Pitcher plants are several different carnivorous plants which have modified leaves known as pitfall traps—a prey-trapping mechanism featuring a deep cavity filled with digestive liquid.
Where do the pitcher plants grow?
Nepenthes, pitcher plant growing. Nepenthes are tropical pitcher plants native to parts of South East Asia, India, Madagascar and Australia. Most are vines, but some remain compact in habit. The name “Monkey Cups” comes from monkeys occasionally drinking the fluid in the pitchers.
Why are insects attracted to the pitcher plant?
Foraging, flying or crawling insects such as flies are attracted to the cavity formed by the cupped leaf, often by visual lures such as anthocyanin pigments, and nectar bribes. The rim of the pitcher (peristome) is slippery, when moistened by condensation or nectar, causing insects to fall into the trap.
What a pitcher plant eats?
Pitcher plants (Sarracenia, Nepenthes, Cephalotus, etc.) capture foraging insects, especially flies, moths, wasps, butterflies, beetles, and ants. Venus flytraps capture any crawling insect—mine feast particularly on spiders, but plants in the wild have different diets.