There is no risk of yellow fever in Laos. The government of Laos requires proof of yellow fever vaccination only if you are arriving from a country with risk of yellow fever. Your doctor can help you decide if this vaccine is right for you based on your travel plans.
Considering this, what vaccinations do I need to travel to Laos?
Courses or boosters usually advised: Diphtheria; Hepatitis A; Poliomyelitis; Tetanus. Other vaccines to consider: Cholera; Hepatitis B; Japanese Encephalitis; Rabies; Typhoid. Yellow fever vaccination certificate required for travellers arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission.
What shots do you need to go to Asia?
The essential guide to travel vaccinations for Asia
Adult polio booster.
Tetanus / diphtheria.
Yellow Fever (required for all South America trips)
Malaria medication only if visiting the jungle areas of these countries.
What shots are recommended for travel to Thailand?
For most standard tourists the usual recommended vaccinations for Thailand include cover against the childhood diseases (Tetanus and Diphtheria, Measles, Mumps and Rubella) as well as cover against the food borne diseases of Typhoid and Hepatitis A. For those trekking in the Thai countryside or staying for longer
Can Hep A be transmitted through saliva?
Approximately 33% of persons living in the USA have been infected with hepatitis A. Hepatitis A virus is spread primarily by the fecal-oral route, either through person-to-person contact or ingestion of contaminated food or water. Urine and saliva do not transmit hepatitis A virus.
Can you get hepatitis from kissing?
The virus can’t be transmitted through casual contact, such as sharing a cup or eating utensils with an infected person. Hugging, holding hands, and kissing also won’t spread it. You can’t catch the virus from someone with hepatitis C sneezing or coughing on you.
How long is the tetanus vaccine effective?
If the wound is clean and you have not had a tetanus booster in the last 10 years, it is recommended that you receive one. If the wound is dirty or tetanus-prone, then your doctor would likely recommend a tetanus booster if you have not had a tetanus booster shot within the last five years.
Do tetanus shots hurt afterwards?
The tetanus shot, unfortunately, is notorious for causing some local inflammation at the site of the injection. This can cause some pain and soreness that could last for a few weeks. There also may be some bruising from the needle itself, which could make this soreness worse.
How long do you have to get a tetanus shot after a puncture wound?
If the injured person hasn’t had a tetanus shot in the past five years and the wound is deep or dirty, your doctor may recommend a booster. The injured person should have the booster shot within 48 hours of the injury. If the wound was caused by a cat or a dog, try to confirm that its rabies vaccination is up to date.
Can you get tetanus from a small scratch?
You can get it through a cut or other wound. Tetanus bacteria are commonly present in soil, dust, and manure. The tetanus bacteria can infect a person even through a tiny scratch. But you are more likely to get tetanus through deep punctures from wounds created by nails or knives.
Can you cure tetanus?
If tetanus does develop, seek hospital treatment immediately. This includes wound care, a course of antibiotics, and an injection of tetanus antitoxin. You may receive medications such as chlorpromazine or diazepam to control muscle spasms, or a short-acting barbiturate for sedation.
What are the first signs of tetanus?
You should suspect tetanus if a cut or wound is followed by one or more of these symptoms:
Stiffness of the neck, jaw, and other muscles, often accompanied by a grotesque, grinning expression.
Uncontrollable spasms of the jaw, called lockjaw, and neck muscles.
Can you get tetanus from rust?
If the tissue of the wound is dying, a doctor will need to remove the tissue. You may have heard that you can get tetanus if you are injured by a rusty nail. This is true only if the nail is dirty and has the tetanus bacteria on it. It is the dirt on the nail, not the rust that carries the risk of tetanus.
Is there a cure for tetanus?
Tetanus is a serious bacterial disease that affects your nervous system, leading to painful muscle contractions, particularly of your jaw and neck muscles. However, the disease remains a threat to those who aren’t up to date on their vaccinations, and is more common in developing countries. There’s no cure for tetanus.
How quickly do you need to get a tetanus shot?
Soon after you get wounded, try to recall the last time you get a shot of tetanus. Tetanus vaccine should be given when you are young and be repeated once every 10 years. When you step on a rusty nail and haven’t got the shot in the last five years, you need to go to the hospital within 24 hours to get the shot.
What are the side effects of Tdap vaccine?
Mild side effects of Tdap may include:
Pain, redness, or swelling in the arm where the shot was given.
Stomach upset, including nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
Muscle aches and pains.
What happens if you get cut by rusted metal?
However, anytime you have a cut of any kind that was caused by metal, especially when you know it was rusty metal, you should be evaluated by a physician. Even if the wound is not high risk for tetanus, there are many other bacteria that cause cellulitis or skin infections.
How do you know if you need stitches?
Your wound may need stitches or other medical treatment if it meets any of the following criteria: The cut is deeper than a quarter of an inch in length. You have cosmetic concerns about the wound (i.e. it is on the face or area you don’t want to have a scar). After 15 minutes of pressure, the cut is still bleeding.
Can you die if you get tetanus?
If you don’t receive proper treatment, the toxin’s effect on respiratory muscles can interfere with breathing. If this happens, you may die of suffocation. A tetanus infection may develop after almost any type of skin injury, major or minor.
Can rust give you tetanus?
Animal bites can transmit tetanus. Tetanus is often associated with rust, especially rusty nails. Although rust itself does not cause tetanus, objects that accumulate rust are often found outdoors or in places that harbour anaerobic bacteria.
How do you avoid getting tetanus?
If you have a minor wound, these steps will help prevent tetanus:
Control bleeding. Apply direct pressure to control bleeding.
Keep the wound clean. After the bleeding stops, rinse the wound thoroughly with clean running water.
Use an antibiotic.
Cover the wound.
Change the dressing.
How common is tetanus?
Tetanus is rare in the United States, where 50 or fewer cases of tetanus occur each year, deaths are more likely to occur in persons 60 years of age and older. However, continued success depends upon maintaining high vaccination rates. Generalized tetanus is the most common type (about 80%) of reported tetanus.
What antibiotics are used to treat tetanus?
Mortality is 15 to 60% in untreated adults and 80 to 90% in neonates even if treated. Prevent further toxin release by debriding the wound and giving an antibiotic (eg, penicillin, doxycycline), and neutralize unbound toxin with human tetanus immune globulin.
How long before travel Do I need hepatitis A vaccination?
Yes, It is not known for how long protection from one hepatitis A vaccine dose lasts, but it has been shown to last for at least 10 years (33). One dose of single-antigen hepatitis A vaccine administered at any time before International travel can provide adequate protection for most healthy persons.