In the field of architecture an architectural plan is a design and planning for a building, and can contain architectural drawings, specifications of the design, calculations, time planning of the building process, and other documentation.
In this regard, what is an architectural floor plan?
In architecture and building engineering, a floor plan is a drawing to scale, showing a view from above, of the relationships between rooms, spaces, traffic patterns, and other physical features at one level of a structure. Dimensions are usually drawn between the walls to specify room sizes and wall lengths.
What are sections in architecture?
In reference to architectural drawing, the term section typically describes a cut through the body of a building, perpendicular to the horizon line. A section drawing is one that shows a vertical cut transecting, typically along a primary axis, an object or building.
What is an architectural site plan?
A site plan is a landscape architectural plan, and a detailed engineering drawing of proposed improvements to a given lot. A site plan is a “set of construction drawings that a builder or contractor uses to make improvements to a property.
What size are architectural plans?
Commonly used US architectural drawing sizes and formatsStandard US Architectural Drawing SizesSize(mm)(inches)ARCH C457.2 x 609.618 x 24ARCH D609.6 x 914.424 x 36ARCH E914.4 x 1219.236 x 4
What do you call a person who draws house plans?
Architect. An architect is a person trained in the planning, design and supervision of the construction of buildings.
Why are working drawings used?
Traditionally, working drawings consist of two-dimensional orthogonal projections of the building or component they are describing, such as plans, sections and elevations. It is important that the purpose of the drawings and the people that will use them are considered.
What is an elevation drawing?
An elevation drawing is an orthographic projection drawing that shows one side of the house. The purpose of an elevation drawing is to show the finished appearance of a given side of the house and furnish vertical height dimensions. Four elevations are customarily drawn, one for each side of the house.
What is an elevation in architecture?
Geometrically, an elevation is a horizontal orthographic projection a building on to a vertical plane, the vertical plane normally being parallel to one side of the building. Architects also use the word elevation as a synonym for façade, so the north elevation is literally the north-facing wall of the building.
Why do architects use blueprints?
The blueprinting process was developed in the mid-1800s, when scientists discovered that ammonium iron citrate and potassium ferrocyanide created a photosensitive solution that could be used for reproducing documents. The process goes like this: Someone creates a drawing on translucent tracing paper or cloth.
What is a plan in drawing?
The term “plan” may casually be used to refer to a single view, sheet, or drawing in a set of plans. More specifically a plan view is an orthographic projection looking down on the object, such as in a floor plan.
What is a structured plan?
A structural drawing, a type of Engineering drawing, is a plan or set of plans for how a building or other structure will be built. Structural drawings are generally prepared by registered professional structural engineers, and informed by architectural drawings.
What is the meaning of layout plan?
The systematic layout planning (SLP) is a tool used to arrange a workplace in a plant by locating areas with high frequency and logical relationships close to each other. The process permits the quickest material flow in processing the product at the lowest cost and least amount of handling.
What does a design architect do?
Architects design all kinds of buildings. Before constructing a building, an architect needs to draw a plan of the building. Sometimes architects will make a cardboard or plastic model of the building. The building is then built by a construction company which follows the directions of the plans for the building.
What is a section in drawing?
Section drawing. Plan drawings are in fact a type of section, but they cut through the building on a horizontal rather than vertical plane. The direction of the plane through which the section is cut is often represented on plan drawings and elevations by a line of long and short dashes, called a section plane.
What is the plan and elevation?
Plan and elevation. When architects design buildings, they have to do 2D drawings to show what the building will look like from each side. These drawings are called plans and elevations. The view from the top is called the plan. The views from the front and sides are called the elevations.
What is the perspective drawing?
PERSPECTIVE DRAWING is a technique used to represent three-dimensional images on a two-dimensional picture plane. In our series of lessons on perspective drawing we explain the various methods of constructing an image with perspective and show how these are used by artists and illustrators.
What is the role of the architect?
Architects are not just involved in the design of a building. As a licensed professional they are also responsible for public safety and overseeing of projects. Their role is important in every stage of the building’s construction, from the initial concept to the opening ceremony when the building is complete.
What is an electrical drawing?
An electrical drawing, is a type of technical drawing that shows information about power, lighting, and communication for an engineering or architectural project. Schedules and other information in combination with construction drawings.
What is meant by shop drawing?
A shop drawing is a drawing or set of drawings produced by the contractor, supplier, manufacturer, subcontractor, or fabricator. Shop drawings are typically required for prefabricated components. The shop drawing normally shows more detail than the construction documents.
What is meant by site plan in architecture?
Site planning in landscape architecture and architecture refers to the organizational stage of the landscape design process. It involves the organization of land use zoning, access, circulation, privacy, security, shelter, land drainage, and other factors.
How do blueprints work?
A blueprint is a reproduction of a technical drawing, documenting an architecture or an engineering design, using a contact print process on light-sensitive sheets. Introduced in the 19th century, the process allowed rapid and accurate reproduction of documents used in construction and industry.
What is a drawing in construction?
The main purpose of construction drawings (also called plans, blueprints, or working drawings) is to show what is to be built, while the specifications focus on the materials, installation techniques, and quality standards.
What is in a construction plan?
Construction planning is a fundamental and challenging activity in the management and execution of construction projects. For example, the extent to which sub-contractors will be used on a project is often determined during construction planning.